[3] The taxonomy of the Canada lynx remained in dispute through the 20th and early 21st centuries. The Canada lynx may look like a slightly larger version of your housecat, but make no mistake — these boreal predators are ferocious! Oct 11, 2015 - Lynx canadensis pinned from: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/animals/mammal/lyca/all.html The lynx is between 73 and 107 cm (29 and 42 in) in head-and-body length and stands 48–56 cm (19–22 in) tall at the shoulder; females weigh around 5–12 kg (11–26 lb) while males weigh around 6–17 kg (13–37 lb). Il habite principalement dans des espaces naturels boisés. [24] The backs of the ears are brown with a silvery-grey spot at the centre. Les oreilles sont surmontées d'un fin pinceau de poils noirs et il présente le plus souvent une collerette flottante de fourrure autour du cou. It occurs in all the Canadian provinces except western coastal British Columbia, and the southern central and northernmost regions of Canada. [65][66] A study in 2019 identified a gammaherpesvirus species in the Canada lynx for the first time. They considered it "the earliest recorded example of an exotic cat on the loose in the UK". Le lynx du Canada (Lynx canadensis), appelé aussi lynx gris ou lynx polaire, est une des quatre espèces de lynx appartenant à la famille des félins (Felidae) dans le genre Lynx. Le Lynx boréal est le seul à s’attaquer de préférence aux petits ongulés comme le chevreuil ou le chamois, bien qu'il arrive que le Lynx roux s’attaque aux Cerfs de Virginie et que le Lynx du Canada chasse le Caribou. Le lynx du Canada, aussi appelé loup cervier, vit au nord du Canada. Animal endémique d'Amérique du Nord, le lynx du Canada est un proche parent du lynx commun (Lynx lynx) qui vit sur le continent européen mais plus proche encore du lynx roux (Lynx rufus) qui vit également sur le continent américain. Biodome, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Lynx du Canada. As in the bobcat(L. rufus), the lynx's hindlimbs are longer than the forelimbs, so the back slopes downward to the front. The study suggested that individuals do not show any significant tendency to avoid or mingle with one another, and thus only passively defend their ranges. [6][17] In his 1981 paper, Swedish paleontologist Lars Werdelin noted that the Canada lynx does not appear to have changed much since its first appearance. Comme le couguar et le lynx roux, les deux autres membres de la famille de chats (Felidae) natifs du Canada, le lynx du Canada a tendance à mener une existence secrète. [30][58], After a gestation of two to three months, a litter of one to eight kittens is born. [37] These lynxes may hunt in groups when hares are scarce. Not only does its coat provide insulation, but it also helps to camouflage it as it hunts prey. Le lynx du Canada 1. [2] Similar to other lynxes, black tufts around 4 cm (1.6 in) in length emerge from the tips of the ears, which are lined with black fur. [21] However, at times when the hare's numbers drop, Canada lynxes will include other animals in their diet—such as ducks, grouse, moles, ptarmigan, red squirrels, voles and young ungulates (Dall's sheep, mule deer and caribou)—though snowshoe hares continue to be the primary component. Canada Lynx Cat Is The Extravagant Floof Needed Today Let's talk about how deliciously fluffy theCanadian Lynx is. [84] In January 2018, the USFWS declared that the Canada lynx no longer needed special protections in the United States following measures to preserve their populations, and their "Threatened" status may be revoked in the future. Most births occur from May to July. There are four nipples. In dirt the tracks of the lynx are 7.6–9.5 cm (3–3.75 in) long and 8.9–11.4 cm (3.5–4.5 in) wide, whereas in snow they are bigger (11 cm (4.5 in) long and 13 cm (5 in) wide). Lynx Canada Cats Animaux Gatos Kitty Cats Cat Eurasian Lynx Kitty. Selon une étude menée par Johnson en 2006, les Lynx partageraient un clade avec les lignées du Puma, Prionailurus et Felis depuis 7,15 millions d’années. The Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) is a medium-sized North American wildcat that ranges across Alaska, Canada and many of the contiguous United States. Intraspecific aggression and consequent cannibalism are rare, but may be more common when food is scarce. Johnson, E. Eizirik, J. Pecon-Slattery, W.J. To use its carnassials, the lynx must chew the meat with its head to its side. Lynx canadensis (Canada lynx) Click on organism name to get more information. [57] Before birth, the female prepares a maternal den, usually in very thick brush, and typically inside thickets of shrubs, trees or woody debris. Les pattes des hybrides sont en général plus larges que celles du Lynx roux, mais moins que celles du Lynx du Canada. [71][72] Canada lynxes generally avoid open areas despite good prey availability; they face difficulty surviving in heavily logged areas and on agricultural land, though they can thrive well in deforested areas that have been left to regenerate at least fifteen years. In the United States in the south, the main threats are habitat fragmentation and change, accidents, and increased competition against other predators. Son cri Chanson d`amour pour la femelle Le lynx du Canada Description physique Pattes avant plus petites que ses pattes arrières. [15] Physical proportions do not vary significantly across the range and are probably naturally selected to allow for survival on smaller prey. your own Pins on Pinterest [41] In a study in the southern Northwest Territories, ranges of individuals of opposite sexes were found to overlap extensively, while the ranges of individuals of the same sex hardly coincided. Ils vivent entre autres dans les zones cultivées entrecoupées de bois épais et les zones plus montagneuses. When the hare populations plummet, lynxes often move to areas with more hares, sometimes covering over 1,000 km (620 mi), and tend not to produce litters; as the hares' numbers increase, so does the lynx population. Studies based on snow-tracking have estimated home range sizes of 11.1–49.5 km2 (4.3–19.1 sq mi), while those based on radio telemetry have given the area between 8 and 783 km2 (3.1 and 302.3 sq mi). Voici quelque chose d'un peu différent, demande spéciale d'une cliente qui aime beaucoup les licornes et les paillettes ! L’hybridation entre le Lynx roux et le Lynx du Canada existe[8] : aux États-Unis, on appelle le résultat d’un tel croisement un « Blynx » ou un « Lynxcat », contraction du terme « Bobcat » désignant le Lynx roux et « Lynx » désignant le Lynx du Canada. Females can be induced ovulators when the availability of mates is low, or spontaneous ovulators when several mates are available. Les signalements d’hybrides sauvages sont, pour l’instant, confinés au sud de l’aire de répartition du Lynx du Canada. DIAGNOSIS Lynx canadensis ( Fig. [45], The Canada lynx preys primarily and almost exclusively on the snowshoe hare. Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) is distinguished from the North American bobcat by its tufted ears, large feet, long legs and lack of a white patch below the tail tip.The buff grey, indistinctly spotted fur is long behind the jaws, on the sides of the body and back of the hind legs. et à Terre‑Neuve, ainsi que dans les zones boisées du nord du Nouveau‑Brunswick. [1], A survey of the international wildlife trade between 1980 and 2004 recorded that among all lynxes, the Canada lynx accounted for thirty percent of legal items and had little part in illegal trade. [79][80] The Canada lynx is abundant over its broad range and has not been significantly threatened by legal trade for centuries. [49] These cycles have been cited as an example of the Lotka–Volterra predator–prey equations, caused by the interplay of three major factors—food, predation and social interaction. Lynx diverged from the Puma, Felis and Prionailurus plus Otocolobus lineages around 2.53–4.74 mya. [7], However, in 2017 the IUCN Cat Specialist Group considered the Canada lynx a monotypic species in its revision of felid taxonomy, since the subspecies show little morphological or genetic differences. Article by Danny Lamontagne. Le pelage de ce félin varie selon les saisons. [15][21], The long, thick fur, uniformly coloured with little to no markings except on the underside, insulates the lynx in its frosty habitat. Schwartz, K.L. lynx du Canada. Le lynx du Canada Description La famille des félins Le lynx du Canada est fait parti de la famille des félins (felidea). La touffe de poils qui surmonte ses oreilles est également beaucoup plus petite que celle du Lynx du Canada ; sa queue est en revanche plus longue et son extrémité est claire sur le dessous tandis que celle du Lynx du Canada est complètement noire à son extrémité[2]. Ses pattes arrières lui permettent également de l'empêcher de s'enfoncer dans la neige profonde. Other vernacular names include Canada lynx, lynx du Canada (French), loup-cervier (French), pishu (Cree), lucivee, lynx, wildcat, link (Yukon Territory and Interior Alaska), and lynx cat. Related Videos. For other species of lynx, see. The lynx may eat its kill immediately or cache it in snow or leaves to eat it over the next few days. [68], Fishers are known to hunt Canada lynxes occasionally in the northeastern United States; a study in northern Maine identified predation by fishers as the leading cause of Canada lynx mortality over twelve years, though it did not appear to affect population growth in the lynxes. [22] The lynx will roam or wait (in what researchers often term "ambush beds") on certain trails where snowshoe hares gather, pounce on a hare and kill it by a bite on its head, throat or the nape of its neck. The Canada lynx stands 48–56 cm (19–22 in) tall at the shoulder and weighs between 5 and 17 kg (11 and 37 lb). [37], Canada lynxes at the periphery of a population, given their smaller numbers and susceptibility to separation from the central population by natural barriers (such as rivers), might face more difficulty in breeding with lynxes towards the centre of the population and hence show lower genetic variability. Il est à présent admis qu'il fait partie du genre Lynx et il est listé comme Lynx canadensis dans toutes les références taxonomiques modernes. canadensis. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T12518A101138963.en, "Report on the birds and mammals collected by the McIlhenny Expedition to Pt. [63][64] Canada lynxes could have played a role in the transmission of the zoonotic parasite Toxoplasma gondii to the Inuit in North America. [49][77] Even without regulation, the lynx-hare cycles and the distribution of the lynx have remained unaffected over the last century. Canada lynxes have been recorded up to an elevation of 4,310 m (14,140 ft). [49][50][51][52] In northern Canada, the abundance of lynxes can be estimated from records maintained by the Hudson's Bay Company and the Canadian government since the 1730s. La classification du Lynx du Canada a fait l'objet d'un débat : fallait-il le classer comme Lynx rufus ou Felis lynx[3] ; le Lynx du Canada devait-il, avec les trois autres espèces de Lynx, être classé dans son propre genre Lynx ou être un sous-genre de Felis ? [5] Like other cats, Canada lynxes scent-mark their ranges by spraying urine and depositing feces on snow or tree stumps and other prominent sites in and around their range. The lynx waits for the hare on specific trails or in "ambush beds", then pounces on it and kills it by a bite on its head, throat or the nape of its neck. Le régime alimentaire du Lynx du Canada varie en fonction des saisons de l'année. [86] This technique, though systematic, might be too expensive to carry out in large areas. Le genre Lynx serait le premier à avoir divergé, il y a environ 3,24 millions d’années[4]. IPA : /lɛ̃ks dy ka.na.da/ Noun . [6] Its paws can support almost twice as much weight as a bobcat's before sinking. Il préfère les forêts boréales de peuplements mûrs et les sous-bois de fourrés et de chablis dense. Snow tracking might be a challenge in areas lacking roads, and sometimes bobcat tracks can be mistaken for those of the Canada lynx. Enjoy and experience some interesting details of the species in this animal profile. Staying in cover while hunting helps the lynx conserve energy in its frigid habitat by avoiding unnecessary movement. [15][22], The claws are sharp and fully retractable. Je vais donc vous parler de :ses caractères distinctifs, son habitat et son régime Aspect 1 [4] Until as late as the early 2000s, scientists were divided over whether Lynx should be considered a subgenus of Felis, or a subfamily itself; some even doubted if the Canada lynx should be considered a species on its own. Il a reconquis depuis peu le nord des États du Wisconsin et du Minnesota aux États-Unis. Son pelage d'été est plutôt court et brunâtre. 20 mars 2019 - Cette épingle a été découverte par boutique may. Lynx du Canada. Canada lynxes have been reported to live sixteen years in the wild, though most do not survive ten; in captivity they may make it to twenty-seven. [25][36] Individuals of the same sex particularly tend to avoid each other, forming "intrasexual" territories—a social structure similar to that of bears, bobcats, cougars and mustelids. [27] Young ungulates are given a throat bite to suffocate them to death. [5][25] Both species walk with the back foot typically following the front foot and often do not follow a straight line. As in the bobcat (L. rufus), the lynx's hindlimbs are longer than the forelimbs, so the back slopes downward to the front. Habitué au climat froid. [15] Canada lynxes will occasionally hunt together, though studies differ on how this affects the success rate compared to hunting solo. 0:27. [5] Canada lynxes generally do not leave their home ranges frequently, though limited prey availability can force them to disperse or expand their ranges. L’ensemble des hybrides étudiés avait un Lynx du Canada pour mère[9]. In the United States, the Canada lynx occurs in the Blue Mountains, the Cascade Range and the southern Rocky Mountains, the Great Lakes region and New England. Lynx.. Big Cats. "A snow-tracking protocol used to delineate local lynx, U.S. The fur is typically yellowish brown, though in Newfoundland it can vary from brown or buff-grey in spring and summer to a greyish shade with a grizzled appearance in winter; the underparts are white and may have a few dark spots. When snowshoe hare numbers declined, both predators hunted for the same time period as they did when hares were abundant, but lynxes killed more hares than they had earlier. They are territorial animals, and males live alone most of the time. Ces lynx peuvent mesurer de 80 à 100 cm de long (tête et dos), avec une queue de 5 à 13 cm, et de 48 à 56 cm de hauteur au garrot. The lack of appreciable subspecific distinctions led the researchers to doubt the validity of the Newfoundland lynx as a separate subspecies. In the past, the lynx occurred from the northern United States (in 24 states), possibly up to the Rocky Mountains in New Mexico, to the tree line in the Arctic through coniferous forests in Alaska and Canada. [27] Canada lynxes ingest 0.6–1.2 kg (1.3–2.6 lb) of food daily. [67] A study identified plague as a major cause of mortality in reintroduced populations in Colorado. They are territorial animals, and males live alone most of the time. La fourrure, longue et épaisse, est grise et brune jaunâtre avec parfois des taches sombres. Leur robe et la longueur des plumets de leurs oreilles sont plus proches de celles du Lynx roux. The Canada lynx hunts mainly around twilight, or at night, when snowshoe hares tend to be active. [23] The fur is generally shorter in summer than in winter. Given its abundance throughout the range, and lack of severe threats, the Canada lynx has been listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. [15][22] Although no melanistic or albinistic forms of the Canada lynx are known, a specimen from Alaska was reported to have bluish-grey fur. Its legend was fuelled by Canadian lynx, study says", "British big cat theory gets bump from lynx link", Analysis of the CITES-reported illegal trade in, 10.1674/0003-0031(2008)159[504:CLLCLR]2.0.CO;2, "Hybridization between Canada lynx and bobcats: genetic results and management implications", "Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; determination of threatened status for the contiguous U.S. distinct population segment of the Canada lynx and related rule", Success of the Colorado Division of Wildlife's lynx reintroduction program, Species status assessment for the Canada lynx (, "US says snow-loving lynx no longer need special protection". Medicine Bow National Forest (A Habitat of the Canada Lynx), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Canada_lynx&oldid=990819048, Fauna of the Great Lakes region (North America), Fauna of the Plains-Midwest (United States), Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 17:53. Image of felidae, lynx, individual - 170479845 The lynx is a good swimmer and an agile climber. [21] In winter, the hair on the lower cheek becomes longer, giving the impression of a ruffle covering the throat. [1][15][21], A Canada lynx was shot near Newton Abbot in the United Kingdom in 1903 after it attacked two dogs. [26][27] The warm coat, wide paws and long legs serve as adaptations for the lynx to navigate and hunt efficiently in snow. Canada lynx live in forested areas and make their dens underneath fallen trees, tree stumps, rock ledges or thick bushes. [1], However, populations are relatively lower in the southern half of the range and are protected from the fur trade. Photo about CANADIAN LYNX lynx canadensis, ADULT RUNNING ON SNOW, CANADA. [69][70], The Canada lynx occurs predominantly in dense boreal forests, and its range strongly coincides with that of the snowshoe hare. As the forelimbs are shorter than the hindlimbs, the back slopes downward toward the front. Les pattes postérieures sont longues, les pieds sont recouverts d'un pelage dense et peuvent mesurer 10 cm. Apr 6, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by gail neu. Lynx du Canada Arnaud Laporte; groupe 501 Introduction Introduction J'ai choisi cet animal parce que: je le trouve beau; je l'aime depuis longtemps; j'ai envie de vous le faire découvrir. Noting only a few differences between the two forms, the study suggested the Newfoundland lynx to have diverged only recently from the mainland form. La taille adulte du lynx du Canada est généralement atteinte vers l'âge de deux ans[2]. Habitant des forêts boréales d’Amérique du Nord, il occupe tout le territoire canadien, excepté la côte ouest de la Colombie britannique, le Centre-Sud et l’extrême nord du Canada. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. (4699423181).jpg 3,872 × 2,592; 2.66 MB Banner canada lynx.jpg 447 × 190; 69 KB Le lynx du Canada est un magnifique félin sauvage de la forêt boréale (la forêt la plus au nord de l’hémisphère Nord). [15], Factors such as the availability of prey (primarily snowshoe hare), the density of the lynxes and the topography of the habitat determine the shape and size of the home range. The lynx's stride is 30–46 cm (12–18 in), while the bobcat's varies between 13 and 41 cm (5 and 16 in). [48] A study of those two animals in southwest Yukon Territory showed that when the hare population increased, both killed more than necessary for subsistence; lynxes need to kill 0.4 to 0.5 hare per day to meet their energy requirements but were observed to kill 1.2 hares per day during this period. Il possède certaines caractéristiques qui le distinguent facilement des autres félins, notamment ses oreilles triangulaires terminées par une touffe de poils noirs appelée pinceau, ses joues ornées de longs poils appelés favoris, sa courte queue et ses longues pattes. Habitat loss is the main threat in the contiguous United States, while trapping is a relatively insignificant cause of mortality. Le Lynx roux a toutefois des pattes plus courtes et des pieds plus petits, sans poil sur les coussinets. McKelvey, L.F. Ruggiero, E.L. Lindquist, S. Loch, J.J. Claar, «, J.A.Homyack, J.H. Le Lynx du Canada[Note 1] (Lynx canadensis) aussi appelé Lynx gris, Lynx polaire, Lynx Bleu ou Loup-cervier est une espèce de mammifères carnivore de la famille des félidés du genre des Lynx. Note the long hair on the lower cheek and the ear tufts characteristic of lynxes. [85], Various techniques have been employed to study Canada lynx populations; the data collected can provide useful information on the ecology and distribution of the species and pave the way for effective conservation measures. Other methods include radio telemetry and snow tracking. Sa robe peut être de couleur unie, rayée, tachetée ou à motifs en forme de fleur appelés rosettes. Find the perfect Lynx Du Canada stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Moreover, lynxes supplemented their diet with red squirrels. [46] They have also been reported feeding occasionally on succulent sedges and grasses. Close facial view. The cat is quite literally just a giant floof ball with eyes and gigantic paws! La maturité sexuelle des femelles est atteinte vers l'âge de 22 mois. [29], The Canada lynx can be told apart from the bobcat by its longer ear tufts, broader paws, shorter tail with a fully black tip, longer legs and the fewer markings and greyer shade of the coat. Économiquement, le lynx est l’animal à fourrure le plus important du Yukon, puisqu’il a une très grande valeur sur les marchés internationaux. Aspect 1 Caractère distinctif Habitat Aspect 2 Régime alimentaire Aspect 3 Visite au zoo de St-Édouard. Il a d'ailleurs un ouïe et une vue extrêmement bien développées qui l'aide pour la chasse, tandis que son odorat l'est beaucoup moins. Share your thoughts, experiences and the tales behind the art. The southern populations gradually evolved into the modern bobcat. [2] The large, broad paws are covered in long, thick fur and can spread as wide as 10 cm (3.9 in) to move quickly and easily on soft snow. [20] The Eurasian lynx, which prefers prey the size of a roe deer, is twice the size of the Canada lynx, which feeds primarily on the snowshoe hare. Dans tous les cas, les jo… Comité sur la situation des espèces en péril au Canada (COSEPAC), Odum EP (1953) Fundamentals of ecology. L'origine des lynx en Amérique du Nord résulterait d’invasions successives du lynx This site uses cookies to improve your experience and to help show ads that are more relevant to your interests. What Drives the 10-year Cycle of Snowshoe Hares? Le lynx du Canada (Lynx canadensis) est un magnifique félin (ou chat) sauvage de la forêt boréale (la forêt la plus au nord de l’hémisphère Nord).Le lynx ressemble à un très grand chat domestique. [37], Canada lynxes establish home ranges that vary widely in size, depending upon the method of measurement. Pilgrim, M.K. [7], Wozencraft recognized three subspecies of the Canada lynx in Mammal Species of the World (2005). Lynxes rarely cached their kills, unlike coyotes, and this may have led to incomplete consumption of some kills. The researchers concluded it had probably been captive for some time, perhaps as an exotic pet or part of a travelling menagerie, but may have survived for a substantial period after escaping. [32][33][34] These lynxes are good swimmers; one account records a Canada lynx swimming 3.2 km (2 mi) across the Yukon River. Cette espèce se trouve principalement sur l’île du Cap‑Breton (N.-É.) lynx du Canada, une photo que vous pouvez voir ci-dessous, a … For this reason, it has developed a thick coat to protect itself from the cold. [11][12] A study in 2019 estimated the Newfoundland lynx to have diverged from the mainland lynx around 20,000 to 33,000 years ago following the last glaciation. Les premières chasses influent également sur l'âge de la première reproduction du lynx. [31], The Canada lynx tends to be nocturnal like its primary prey, the snowshoe hare. Aug 29, 2019 - Le Lynx du Canada / Québec / Canada / lucgirouard.com In eastern Canada, the Canadian lynx is competing with the eastern coyote, which, over the last few decades, has expanded its range. [21] These lynxes are primarily solitary, with minimal social interaction except for the bond between mothers and female offspring, and the temporary association between individuals of opposite sexes during the mating season.

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